Monday, January 7, 2013

15th Century Literature

12 scenes from the Life of Christ 1450s

1405 Book of the City of Ladies by Christine De Pizan
1420 The Siege of Thebes by John Lydgate
1424 La Belle Dame sans Merci by Alain Chartier
1428 Book 13 of the Aeneid by Maffeo Vegio
1440 Poems by Charles Duke of Orleans
1461 Ballad of the Dead Ladies by Francois Villon
1476 Stanzas on His Father's Death by Jorge Manrique
1480 Manto by Poliziano
1482 Khamsa by Ali-Shir Nava'i
1483 Morgante by Luigi Pulci
1485 Le Morte D'Arthur by Thomas Malory
1485 Everyman by Anonymous
1485 Haft Awrang by Jami
1490 Tirant Lo Blanc by Joanot Martorell and Marti Joan de Galba
1492 Poems by Lorenzo de Medici
1494 The Ship of Fools by Sebastian Brant
1495 Orlando In Love by Matteo Maria Boiardo
1499 La Celestina by Fernando de Rojas

Middle English literature

The Fifteenth Century

The 15th cent. is not distinguished in English letters, due in part to the social dislocation caused by the prolonged Wars of the Roses. Of the many 15th-century imitators of Chaucer the best-known are John Lydgate and Thomas Hoccleve. Other poets of the time include Stephen Hawes and Alexander Barclay and the Scots poets William Dunbar, RobertHenryson, and Gawin Douglas. The poetry of John Skelton, which is mostly satiric, combines medieval and Renaissance elements.
William Caxton introduced printing to England in 1475 and in 1485 printed Sir Thomas Malory's Morte d'Arthur. This prose work, written in the twilight of chivalry, casts the Arthurian tales into coherent form and views them with an awareness that they represent a vanishing way of life. The miracle play, a long cycle of short plays based upon biblical episodes, was popular throughout the Middle Ages in England. The morality play, an allegorical drama centering on the struggle for man's soul, originated in the 15th cent. The finest of the genre is Everyman.

Read more: Middle English literature: The Fifteenth Century —

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