Monday, November 19, 2012

Timeline of King Henry VI

Timeline of Key Dates
Key events
King Henry VI reigned as King of England from August 31,1422 - March 4, 1461 and October 31,1470 - April 14, 1471
1421Henry was born on December 6, 1421 at Windsor Castle he was known as Henry of Windsor. Henry was the son of King Henry V (1387-1422) and Catherine of Valois (1401-1437)
1422August 31, 1422: Henry VI succeeded to the throne at the age of just nine months
John, Duke of Bedford and Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester acted as regents for the young king
142328 September 1423: The English nobles swore loyalty to the young Henry VI.
142929 April 1429 the Siege of Orleans: The English had laid siege to Orleans in France. Joan of Arc gains victory over the English
1429The coronation of Henry VI was on November 6, 1429
143023 May 1430: Joan of Arc was captured by the English
 14319 January 1431: The trial of Joan of Arc started at Rouen
1431 30 May 1431: The execution of Joan of Arc who was burnt at the stake
1431December 16, 1431: Henry was proclaimed King of France at Notre Dame in Paris on December 16, 1431
1437His mother, Catherine of Valois, died and Henry took power of England
1445April 23, 1445: King Henry VI married Margaret of Anjou (1429-1482) at Titchfield in Hampshire. They had one son, Edward, Prince of Wales (1453-1471)
1453King Henry VI had a mental breakdown
1453October 13, 1453: Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales (1453-1471)  was born
1450The Duchy of Aquitaine and Normandy were lost, leaving Calais as England's only remaining territory in France
1450Jack Cade led a rebellion in Kent. 20,000 peasants joined the revolt protesting against the King the losses in France and taxation
1454Edward of Westminster was invested as Prince of Wales
1454Richard, Duke of York was named regent as Protector of the Realm and started pressing his claim to the throne
1455King Henry VI made a temporary recovery form his illness and his strong wife drove Richard, Duke of York from court - the Lancastrians with Margaret of Anjou had once gained power and the Yorkists were in decline
1455May 22, 1455: The First Battle of St Albans was the start of Civil war in England called the Wars of the Roses
1455 - 1460There were constant clashes between the Lancastrian faction of King Henry VI, his wife Margaret of Anjou and the Yorkist forces led by Richard, Duke of York and the Earl of Warwick
1460Battle of Northampton, on July 10, 1460: The Yorkist army under Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick ( the Kingmaker ) captured King Henry
1460King Henry VI again suffered a bout of madness and Richard Duke of York was again appointed Regent of England
1460October 1460 the Act of Accord: Richard, Duke of York was named as  successor to the throne, disinheriting Henry's six year old son Prince Edward
1460The Battle of Wakefield: Richard took a strong position at Sandal castle and far out numbered the Lancastrian army. Unbelievably Richard left Sandal castle and was defeated by the Lancastrian army. Richard was killed in the battle. His son, Edward of York, now pressed his claim to the throne of England
1461March 4: Edward of York was declared King Edward IV in London
1470A rebellion led by Warwick and Clarence failed and they were forced to flee to France where they made an alliance with Margaret of Anjou
1470The French support an English invasion led by Margaret, Warwick and Clarence.
1470King Edward IV was forced to flee when Warwick's brother, John Neville changed to the Lancastrian side
14703 October 1470, Readeption of Henry VI: Henry VI was briefly restored to the throne of England
1470December 1470: Prince Edward was married to Anne Neville, Warwick's younger daughter
1471March: King Edward IV lands with an invasion force in England
1471Battle of Barnet -14 April:  King Edward IV wins the battle and Warwick is killed.
1471King Henry VI is imprisoned in the Tower of London
1471Battle of Tewkesbury - May 4:  King Edward IV wins a decisive victory and the Lancastrian male line are virtually destroyed. Edward, Prince of Wales was one of those who were killed
1471May: Queen Margaret and her daughter-in-law, Anne Neville, are taken as prisoners by King Edward IV
1471May 22, 1471: The death of King Henry VI at the Tower of London. The cause of his death is unknown, but he is believed to have been murdered.
King Edward IV carries on his role as King of England

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