Thursday, November 14, 2013

The Campaigns of Napoleon

During his long career Napoleon Bonaparte conquered most of Europe and became such a feared soldier that his opponents in Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia had him declared 'an enemy of humanity'. This section on his military campaigns covers the important details and battles of the wars that led to Napoleon Bonaparte becoming the greatest leader of armies in history.
First Coalition
1792 to 1797
Egypt Adventure
1798 to 1801
Almost all of Europe united against the revolutionary government in France and sent major armies to destroy the fledgling nation. Read how France's mass armies were tested in battles such as Valmy, Jemappes and Napoleon's superb performance at Toulon, which catapulted him towards power.
Napoleon Bonaparte launched an invasion on Egypt to attack British interests in India. He was marooned when Admiral Nelson destroyed his fleet at the battle of the Nile. Read about the battles, the soldiers, look at maps and the discovery of the Rosetta Stone.
Second Coalition
1798 to 1801
Third Coalition
The campaigns against the Second Coalition included Napoleon's expedition to Egypt, major clashes in North Italy, Germany and Switzerland. Descriptions of the battles of the Pyramids, Marengo and Hohenlinden, plus images and much more.
One of the most brilliant military campaigns in history saw Napoleon Bonaparte out-think and out-fight the armies of the Third Coalition. The surrender of Ulm and the crushing victory at Austerlitz over Russia and Austria are included.
Fourth Coalition
1806 to 1807 
Fifth Coalition
In 1806 Napoleon attacked a threatening Prussia and in a lightning campaign destroyed his enemy's armies at Jena and Auerstadt. Included are descriptions of the follow-up battle for Poland and the nightmarish battle in the snow at Eylau.
Taking advantage of France's preoccupation with the Peninsula, the Austrians launched a surprise attack. Read about how Napoleon recovered and the 1809 Campaign on the Danube. Included are the battles of Aspern-Essling and Wagram, together with battle maps and much more.
The Peninsular War
1808 to1814
The Russian Campaign
Known as the Spanish Ulcer, the Peninsular War bleed Napoleon of some of his finest troops. Read about the bloody fights with the Duke of Wellington's British army, including Talavera, Rolica, Vimiero and Salamanca, see the brutality of guerrilla warfare through the images of Goya.
One of Napoleon Bonaparte's biggest blunders was to invade Russia. The march on Moscow, the battle of Borodino and key clashes, eyewitness accounts of the horrors of the disastrous retreat and the death of the French army.
Liberation of Germany
France Invaded
Weakened by the disastrous losses in Russia, Napoleon Bonaparte was on the back foot when the Allied powers struck into Germany. Read about the action at Dresden and the battle of nations at Leipzig.
The 1814 invasion of Napoleon's France by the avenging allies saw Bonaparte back to his brilliant best. Outnumbered and encircled he almost saved his throne with battle victory after victory.
The 100 Days 
The War of 1812
The 100 Days or Waterloo Campaign decided the fate of modern Europe. Napoleon Bonaparte launched a desperate strike at the closing Allies and after four battles in three days was defeated at Waterloo by the British master general the Duke of Wellington.
The War of 1812 was a sideshow compared with other major Napoleonic campaigns, but it decided the independence of Canada from the United States. Read about the various battles, including the bloody battle of New Orleans and the burning of Washington, look at maps and images and much more.
The West Indies 
1793 to 1810
The Naval War 
1792 to 1815
The battles for the rich West Indies islands were lengthy and costly in casualties. Read about the slave revolt of San Domingo, Toussaint l'Ouverture and much more.
Details of the naval struggle during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Naval balance, ships, crews, battles, leading sailors, Trafalgar and much more.

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