Tuesday, November 19, 2013

First Battle at St. Albans

File:First Battle of St Albans assembly.jpg
Image: Assembly of re-enactors for the First Battle of St. Albans
OverviewFirst Saint Albans was the opening battle in the Wars of the Roses. Richard of York led a force of about 3,000 on a march toward London. Henry VI moved from London to intercept the Yorkist army. Henry halted his march in the town of Saint Albans and waited. Richard attacked and defeated Henry inflicting about 300 casualties. The Queen and her young son Edward fled into exile.
Key Points
Date of Battle:May 22, 1455
York Leadership:Richard of York
Richard Neville, earl of Warwick
Richard Neville, earl of Salisbury
Lancaster Leadership:King Henry VI
Queen Margaret
Edmund Beaufort, duke of Somerset
Humphrey Stafford, duke of Buckingham
Size of forces:Yorkists - 3,000
Lancastrians - 2,500
Notable deathsEdmund Beaufort,duke of Somerset; Thomas de Clifford; Henry Percy, 2nd earl of Northumberland

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