Napoleon banned the Mask in 1797
One of Napoleon's greatest legacies to France is the Legion of Honor, the first order of chivalry that was open to all citizens, not just members of the nobility. Since its founding in 1804, it continues to be the nation's highest honor for its citizens.
- The eagle was a symbol of imperial Rome, associated with military victory. It was found atop every flagpole in Napoleon's France.
- The bee was considered the oldest emblem of the sovereigns of France. It was co-opted by Napoleon as an attempt to establish his legitimacy as ruler. More widely, the bee was viewed as a symbol of immortality and resurrection.
- The scepter, the baton of command and sign of sovereign authority, originated with Charlemagne and includes a statuette of the first Emperor of the West .
- The imperial mantle (cape) was made of scarlet velvet spread with bees and bordered with grape clusters. The cape was lined with ermine and held in place by the crown made of eagles with raised wings alternating with arcs, the whole topped with a globe bearing a cross.
- The chain of the Legion of Honor is another honor stolen from ancient Rome and reserved for the Emperor, his family, and other grand dignitaries. After Napoleon's exile to Elba, one last symbol came into existence: the violet, which was used to symbolize hope among his followers that he would return to rule.