- Also known as
- Luigi Barnaba Chiaramonte; Brother Gregory
- Youngest of six children of Count Scipione Chiaramonti. His mother was an Italian noble who, when widowed, entered a Carmelite convent and prophesied his ascension to the papacy. Educated at the college for nobility atRavenna. Benedictine monk at Santa Maria de Monte age 16, taking the name Brother Gregory. Priest at age 21 in1765. Teacher at colleges in Parma and Rome, and the monastery of San Callisto, Rome. Family friend of Pope Pius VI. Abbot of San Callisto. Bishop of Tivoli in 1782. Bishop of Imola in the Papal States. Created cardinal by Pope"Pius VI on 14 February 1785. Elected Pope on 14 March 1800 following a 14 week conclave.
Signed the Concordat of 1801 with Napoleon Bonaparte in order to re-establish the Church in post-RevolutionaryFrance. It permitted the civil government to nominate bishops and archbishops, but left it to the Pope to confirm them. Much of the agreement was erased by later declarations (the Organic Acts) by Napoleon, declarations with Pius did not accept. Travelled to Paris in 1804 to crown Napoleon emperor, but Napoleon took the crown from Pius's hands, crowning himself.
When Napoleon realized that Pius would not be his puppet, he invaded Italy, taking Rome in 1808 and the Papal States in 1809. Pius was captured and imprisoned in Fontainebleau, France and Savona, Italy, and forced to sign on to another concordat, which he later disavowed.
Freed upon Napoleon's downfall, and returned to Rome on 24 May 1814; instituted the Feast of Mary, Help of Christians on 24 May in commemoration. Extended the feast of Our Lady of Sorrows to the whole Church on 18 September 1814. Restored the Jesuits so they could help in his renewed mission to revive the Church in war-torn Europe. Patron of the arts. Fell on 6 July 1823, fracturing his thigh; he died while recuperating from his injury.
- 17 August 1740 at Cesena, Papal States (modern Italy)
- Papal Ascension
- 21 March 1800 at Venice, Italy
- Papal Beatifications
- xxxx: John of Vespignano
1837: John de Massias
- 20 August 1823 at Rome, Italy of complications following an injury
- Gallery of images of [4 images, kb]
- Diu Satis: On A Return To Gospel Principles, 15 May 1800
Litany of Our Lady of Seven Sorrows
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